Daniela Jadue & Jaakko Hilppö
Children as agents in research: contributions of visual data & participatory research.

Authors: Daniela Jadue & Jaakko Hilppö, University of Cambridge & University of Helsinki.

Title: “Children as agents in research: contributions of visual data & participatory research”

djadue@raeln.org / jhilppo@raeln.org

This workshop reflects upon two approaches to agency in young children and how they relate to each other: (1) agency as a theoretical stand; and (2) agency as a methodological approach to research. The two studies presented in this workshop acknowledge young children’s agency in their educational and life experiences and have sought? Seek forms of researching and understanding their exercise and development of agency. The most appropriate and consistent research approach seemed to be a project using participatory methods, which acknowledge the relevance of the voice of the child in research concerning them.

This workshop will exemplify two different qualitative research designs that aim to explore young children’s agency and educational experiences in early years settings by carrying out participatory research gathering different forms of visual data. The first study, carried out in Chile, will depict the contributions of photograph sessions and photograph interviews with young children and the use of a coding framework and a video analysis software.

The second study, carried out in Finland with a similar design, will provide conceptual tools for analysis by describing the process of ‘progressive refinement of hypothesis’ (Engle, Conant & Greeno, 2008) as a disciplined way into the data sources generated with the children. The workshop is divided in four sections: (1) introduction to the projects; (2) small groups activities with examples of data provided to explore and analyse; (3) discussion (methodological issues, ethical issues, establishing validity and reliability of data, power issues, etc.); and (4) conclusions and challenges for further research.

The aim is to discuss the benefits and limitations of these types of data, possible ways of analysis and potential of outcomes. This will give a deeper insight of how participatory methods with young children allow to research educational issues in an agentic way, by acknowledging young children’s voices in their experiences.

The DARE Collaborative is a research partnership focused on the digital arts in education, led by the UCL Institute of Education and the British Film Institute. It has a membership of university researchers, teachers and educators in cultural organisations with an interest in arts, media, culture and new literacies in the context of education and digital media.
Centro en Investigación Avanzada en Educación