Pinar-Burcu Güner
“Operationalization of Agency with the Lenses of Capability Approach for Girls from Muslim Turkish Migration Background in Germany”.

Author: Pinar-Burcu Güner, University of Bielefilfd.

Title: “Operationalization of Agency with the Lenses of Capability Approach for Girls from Muslim Turkish Migration Background in Germany”


This paper is intending to discuss operationalization of agency from the perspectives of capability approach (Sen, 1985) . More specifically, paper will discuss how schools are enhancing or limiting agency of young girls from Muslim Turkish migration background in Germany and what are their actions to overcome these limitations (agency) for a good life and good school education. Main theoretical frame of this research is capability approach (Sen 2009 & Nussbaum 2011) combined with gender and education theories (Diane Reay, 2011, Christine Skelton 2011). Focus groups conducted from 14-20 years old girls, each focus group had five young girls. In-depth focus group interviews (approximately 2 hours) were conducted. Participatory method used to close language gap (Biggeri, 2011) which means young girls may not be able to express their opinions and feelings in both languages properly (Turkish and German languages). Also, Sen (1985) emphasis that “people should be able to visualize their functionings. Video method is used since it is more accurate and detailed in technical sense more reliable (Knoblauch et al., 2006). After the focus group interviews, socio-economic questionnaire was given to each girl to answer individually to control socio economic conversion factors. Later, girls who participated to focus groups were interviewed individually. For the analysis data from focus groups and individual interviews are triangulated. In the analysis, paper discusses how these girls use their agency for good life and good school education opportunities and how obstacles they perceive and their mixed identity are enhancing or limiting their agency.

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Centro en Investigación Avanzada en Educación